One hundred years ago, on March 11, 1921, the greatest musician of Argentina in the second half of the last century was born: Astor Piazzolla.

In Argentina he was born in Mar del Plata to Italian parents (the father from Trani in Puglia, the mother from the Garfagnana in Tuscany) and died on July 4, 1992 in Buenos Aires. Having become famous as one of the greatest tango performers, indeed as an elaborator of the nuevo tango (new tango), he was actually a musician attentive to all types of music, leaving about 600 works of various kinds of great communicativeness, including the opera María de Buenos Aires (1967), the oratorio El pueblo joven (1973), the Concerto for bandoneon and orchestra (1979), the music for the film Henry IV by M. Bellocchio (1984).

The nuevo tango, in which our Argentine bandoneonist inserted unexpected harmonies, dissonances, improvisation, counterpoint, was initially not well received by traditional musicians and part of the traditional audience. During an interview in 1954 Piazzolla declared: “Yes, it is true, I am an enemy of tango, but of tango as they understand it […]. If everything has changed, Buenos Aires’ music must change too. Many of us want to change tango, but these gentleman attacking don’t understand it and never will. I’m going to go ahead in spite of them” (D. Piazzolla, Astor, Emecé Editores, Buenos Aires 1987, p. 159).

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